what is mental illness|symptoms, cause, treatment, prevention

what is mental illness?

Mental illness: In today's age many people have many mental health concerns. But do you know that anxiety for mental health can lead to mental illness? Signs and symptoms of Mental Illness continually create tension and affect the ability of the person to act.

Symptoms of mental illness, cause, treatment, prevention


Its symptoms can be very serious, which also destroys the imagination of living life. Therefore, in today's article, you will learn about mental illness, its symptoms, causes, types, diagnosis, treatment, prevention and home remedies for mental illness information.

A condition that affects the person's ability to feel and think is called mental illness. Mental illness affects many conditions of mental health.

Under this, there are disorders that affect a person's mood, thinking, and behavior. Examples of mental illness include depression, anxiety disorder, schizophrenia (a type of dementia), food disorder, and addiction.

Mental illness can be painful for a person and can cause problems in daily life-related activities such as school, work or private relations. In most cases of mental illness, with the help of drugs and talk therapy, its symptoms can be stopped.

symptoms of mental illness -

Symptoms of Mental Illness can vary on the basis of brain disorders, conditions, and other factors. The symptoms of this disease can greatly affect human emotions, thoughts, and behaviors.
Symptoms of mental illness include:

  • Bad dreams, illusion, or madness
  • Feeling feeling sad
  • Feeling excessive fatigue, weakness or sleep problems
  • Feeling confused or confused in thinking or concentration
  • Being unable to deal with daily problems and stress,
  • Continuous fight-fighting or debate with friends and family,
  • Excessive fear or anxiety, or feelings of guilt
  • Separating from friends and activities
  • Alcohol or drug abuse,
  • Changes in sex drive,
  • Mainly changes in eating habits,
  • Emotional feelings of excessive anger, hostility or violence,
  • Suicidal thoughts or thoughts arise,
  • Feeling tired after sleep,
  • Occasionally symptoms of mental illness can be manifested in other physical problems, such as abdominal pain,
  • back pain, headache, or other obscure pain and pain.

Due to mental illness

Genetic and environmental factors are commonly included in the causes of mental illness

1. Heredity - Mental illness affects the people who have already had a mental illness. Those people with mental illness are more likely to have a mental illness. This disease can trigger through the genes.

2. Pregnancy - During pregnancy, environmental stress, the condition of swelling, the use of toxic substances, alcohol or medicines can sometimes cause mental illness for mother and child.

3. Brain chemistry - Neurotransmitters are naturally brain chemistry, which works to bring the signal to the brain and other parts of the body. When the neural relationship of these chemicals gets worsened, then the function of the nervous system changes, resulting in a situation of depression.

4. Brain defects or injury - The main cause of mental illness can be considered a defect or injury in some areas of the brain. Some serious injuries and brain cancer help in causing mental illness.

5. Substance abuse - especially long-term misuse of certain substances can also increase anxiety, depression, and insanity conditions.

6.Prenatal damage - Problems that occur at the time of childbirth, such as lack of oxygen, interference in the child's brain development, etc. Some conditions can cause mental illness.

Symptoms of mental illness, cause, treatment, prevention

Types of Mental Illness in English

Common types of mental illness include:
1. Neurodevelopmental disorders - Problems usually starting in infancy or in childhood are included in this category. Under this, children often face problems before starting school. Examples include autism spectrum disorder, lack of attention/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and learning disorders.

2. Depressive disorders - These disorders are included which you feel emotional. This mental health disorder greatly increases the depressed mood and reduces interest in activities. There is a lot of loss in daily life's work.

3. Anxiety disorder - Emotions of pain, panic, or fear are characteristics of mental illness. These emotions are able to interfere in any person's daily activities.

4. Bipolar disorders - In this class there are other incidences of continuous incidence of insanities such as excessive time in activity and depression.

5. Schizophrenia (a type of Madness) - it is a mental disorder that affects the ability of a person to think, experience and behave well.

6. Trauma and stress disorder - These are disorders in which a person has difficulty in competing during or after the stressful events of life. Examples include post-traumatic stress and acute stress disorder.

7. Autism - this is a serious growth disorder, which reduces the ability to communicate and interact.

8. Personality disorders - This type of disorder involves emotional instability and unhealthy behaviors, which cause problems in your life and relationships. Examples include emotions such as anti-social behavior and genocide in personality disorder.

Mental Illness Complications

Mental illness is a major cause of mental retardation. If it is not treated, it can cause mental illness, behavioral, physical and emotional health related problems. The following factors can be included in many complications related to mental illness.

  1. Lack of enjoyment of life and a sense of grief arise.
  2. The weak immune system, which makes it difficult to prevent infection in the body.
  3. Family conflict
  4. Difficulties in relationships and family relationships
  5. Problems arising from the intake of alcohol, tobacco, and other medicines
  6. Problems of poverty and homelessness
  7. Trying to harm others or self-harm and suicide attempts.
  8. Increasing the risk of accidents from motor vehicles

Diagnosis Mental Illness

There is no test available to determine the condition of the brain. Therefore, a doctor can diagnose mental disorder by taking health, medical information and family and mental health information.
The following tests can be included to determine the diagnosis of mental illness and to investigate complications related to it.

1. Physical examination - Doctors try to overcome physical problems to know the symptoms and causes of mental illness.

2. Lab tests - This can include the following tests, for example, your thyroid function test or screening for alcohol and drugs.

3. Psychological evaluation - During this test, the doctor or mental health specialist talks to the patient related to your symptoms, behavior, feelings, and thoughts. And to help answer some questions, the doctor can ask the patient to fill the questionnaire.

Symptoms of mental illness, cause, treatment, prevention

Treatment for Mental Illness

The primary treatment depends on the type of mental illness, the severity of the disease and the best remedy for the patient, all these things. If the patient has a mild mental illness, whose symptoms can be well controlled, then health care for the patient is also sufficient for the treatment of mental illness.
Mental illness Some important remedies are:


Psychotherapy is also called talk therapy. This therapy involves things related to mental health and mental health among patients and psychiatrists.

During this therapy, psychiatrists take information about the patient's condition and mood, emotions, behavior, and thoughts. If you ignore the symptoms of mental illness then it can be difficult to treat the state of mental health.

Proper care can be one of the best treatments to stop the symptoms of mental illness for a long time.

Brain-stimulation treatments

Brain-stimulation treatments are sometimes used for depression and other mental health disorders. This treatment is done when medicines and psychotherapy do not work in the treatment of mental illness. It includes electroconvulsive therapy, transcranial magnetic stimulation, deep brain stimulation, and vaginal nerve stimulation.

Substance abuse treatment

Substance abuse is usually a symptom of mental illness. This symptom hinders the patient's treatment and increases mental illness. When the patient does not stop taking drugs or alcohol himself, then this treatment is needed.

Hospital and residential treatment

When a mental illness becomes very serious, then the patient needs care in a psychiatric hospital.
Usually, when the patient is not able to take care of himself, care can be recommended in the psychiatric hospital.

Options for this treatment include

  • 24-hour patient care,
  • Partially or throughout the day residential treatment or hospitalization,
  • Extreme treatment of outpatient
  • And provide a temporary place to stay.

Medications for Mental Illness

Although psychiatric medicines are not helpful in treating mental illness, they can be used to improve symptoms. Psychological drugs depend on how the patient's body responds to medicines. Some of the most commonly used therapeutic drugs include:
  • Antidepressants
  • Anti-anxiety medications
  • Mood-stabilizing medications.
  • Antipsychotic medications.

Prevention of Mental Illness

If you have symptoms of mental illness, you should consult a physician or psychiatrist to talk about mental health concerns. And if possible, support the family or friends, or any person who knows you for a long time and that person is able to share your important information with the doctor. There are several ways to avoid mental illness such as:
  1. Avoid alcohol and drug use,
  2. Be aware of your treatment plan,
  3. Always be active,
  4. Emphasize yourself,
  5. Keep your mind cool
  6. Establish real goals,
  7. Keep a positive approach,
  8. take care of your body,
  9. Keep people close to you with good thoughts,
  10. Learn how to deal with stress,

Symptoms of mental illness, cause, treatment, prevention

Mental Illness home remedies

To reduce the symptoms of mental illness or to avoid mental illness, the following home remedies should be adopted:

1) Treatment of cardamom mental diseases

Cardamom is an aromatic, which helps the body to activate the cells, besides helping to improve cardamom mood and treat depression.

2) Fish Oil Home remedies of mental illness

Eating omega-3 fatty acids reduces the risk of depression among people. Fish oil contains omega-3 fatty acids, which is essential for normal functioning of the brain and is effective in fighting depression and anger.

3) Green Tea Home Remedies for Mental Illness

Along with caffeine in Green Tea, an extremely important component is L-theanine. El-Theanine works cooperatively with caffeine. Its psychotherapist is capable of removing the barrier between the blood and the brain and reducing the stress.

4) Treatment of Mental Illness 'Magnesium'

Magnesium is an important food item that reduces stress. Without magnesium, we can not produce energy, DNA or RNA cannot be synthesized and can not balance the chemicals in the brain. Therefore, magnesium is a very important substance for mental health. Almonds, cashews, bananas, spinach and soy milk are abundant in magnesium.


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